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Vivaldi’s Type of Concertos

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The eventual discovery of the Vivaldi’s type of concertos in 1713 by Bach seems to have marked a critical point in his musical life. However, it took him several years since the discovery to actually put a little more inventions that would enable him to adopt it as a new style of the keyboard. Nonetheless, the Praembulum, which starts at partita number five, remains to be seen as the most elegant musical solution. This is from the fact of its miniature concerto that goes to a great extent in replacing the orchestral effects with the kind of catalogue that is marked with profound harpsichord techniques. As such, it infects the aspects the true colors of the rhythm of which only reveal at the cadences, as happens in the Allemande and the Sarabande. However, the quirky subject is fast complemented within the second half, especially with the eventual arrival of a new theme. At that point, the three-part fugue that was considerably more manageable suddenly turns into a waterloo of the player, as the trills emerge from all sorts of unexpected places.

In addition, the Toccata component of number six commences with what is regarded as one of the most arresting ideas of Bach’s creative mind. Among these, there are four chords that are perfectly decorated with appoggiaturas, as well as a pair that serves to suggest a question and an answer, thus, forming a variant of rhetorical device that forms the central subject of the fugue section. As such, the resulting “walking” bass imparts an Italian flavor to the next two movements in the series, in a manner which allows the regular steps akin to the Corrente to be perfectly countered by a syncopated right hand. However, Sarabande goes to the extent of actually surpassing all other keyboard works of Bach’s due to the fact of outpouring emotions. As a matter of fact, the opening bar of Toccanta gets transformed into a kind of tread, beyond which Bach ends up spinning decorations of extreme wildness. Typically, chromatism to some extent perfectly reveals the academic side of fugal guide, thereby giving quite an impressive stern ending.

Linear Intervallic Patterns

A suite encompasses a whole set of different dances, although the dancing aspect is slowly fading from the onset of the 18th century. A Baroque suite could turn out to be entirely in the same key that is the D major although there could also exist other movements quite close in key, especially the relative minor ones. The ability of the tone to remain constant for a period was considered a unifying factor due to the fact that there were no other major thematic materials that could keep emerging across the movements. Ideally, each of the movements would actually be self contained in that they would each use a single idea in their thematic concerns. This was particularly peculiar to the melodic development of the Baroque with the sole aim of a single mood for the movements. In fact, it is widely considered a point of contrast for the two, that is, the Baroque and the classical type of aesthetics. This is in respect to the fact that the same tension occurs between opposing ideas or in some instances the keys that make up the entire drama.

The fugue is meant for four different types of voices that correspond to the various string parts. For instance, the oboes served the purpose of doubling the upper portions, as the trumpets inject a perfect harmonic emphasis. The whole composition is such that the bar subject that also doubles as the main theme within a fugue, is announced by the initial violins. As such, the adjusted form of subject becomes the real answer, considering that it has transposed downwards to a fifth position from the subject.

The extensive use of the French language in most of the composition results from the French derived associations that this genre has considerably had, especially with respect to dance music. That is why, the analysis of the “French Overture” in the entire piece, the style of the composition opens all the possible tragic operas in the compositions of Lully. For instance, the occurrence of a slow introductory portion that is dotted with rhythms that are classically repeated. The dotted rhythms have significantly been objected to the idea of over-dotting, a style that is quite unique to the French styles, especially in the era of Baroque. The performance practice is essentially delayed in this case, or the semiquaver slightly shortened. However, this is then followed by a rest that typically precedes the shortening of semiquaver. Essentially, this has the overall effect of making the semiquaver produce a sound that is akin to a brisker, and, eventually, the entire section begins to sound more like a dance, while, at the same time, attempting to maintain the stateliness that is quite mandatory.

The trumpets, as well as the drums had the effect of reinforcing the harmonic tensions, although they eventually disappear as the music goes from point of modulation to the dominant A major. This then passes on through bar 9 and bar 13 at which point the harmonic tension is further heightened as the F major chord leads to a chord close to the B major, thereby producing a prominent D at the bass. This movement serves as a pivot chord that attempts to take the lead towards a perfect cadence in bar 13 and eventually reintroducing the brass, as well as the timpani. As such, subdominant D major ends up being touched upon quite a number of times for the next two bars before making a sudden return to the tonics. Eventually, this section of the composition ends in a slightly imperfect cadence that marks the point of readiness to future repetitions.

The expository usually ends at the point where the last voice that is also known as the continuo ends its pronouncement of the answer. At this point, the first violins continue well into a third subject that is supposed to accompany the second and first countersubjects, as well as the answer. The countersubjects here denote the distinctive features that stick out as quite aurally distinctive as compared to the semiquaver pattern that makes up the subject. Besides, the counterpoint of the fugue that is quite imitative in nature proceeds to develop the thematic concerns that make up the exposition even if this means altering the voice-theme pairings. For instance, the subject occurring in the first violins in bars 32 up to bar 35 is always way above all the three countersubjects. This kind of counterpoint makes it much easier to extend the exposition right up to bar 42. In fact, several entries unique to the middle region of the subject, as well as the answer exist in much related keys, thereby keeping the interest of the whole composition simply by modulating.

The books that extensively cover the subject of Bach’s inventory work have continued to marvel the world over, as they lay the basic foundations for the overall inspection of basic musical units occurring in the “invention”. Ideally, Bach must have devised, as well as manipulated several aspects of his compositions in order to craft such kind of engaging miniatures. For instance, Dreyfus’ analysis of the genre significantly describes Bach’s work as quite elegant, while, at the same time, attempting to elucidate the creativity of Bach’s musical thoughts. Indeed, the music belonging to this unique genre has for a long time remained the envy of several musicians of the world history. In fact, it has been incorporated most of the time into the repertoire of every musician who seeks some success in music. Yet, little has been known about how it came about at such early age in the global history.


The musical compositions by Bach are as quite challenging as they are immensely enjoyable. As such, it requires some basic knowledge of music and to a great extent the ability to read musical language for one to properly comprehend the piece in the most satisfying manner. For instance, Dreyfus largely considers Bach the musician as one of the greatest composers of his time. However, he elevates much of his work by comparing Bach’s unrelenting drive to obtain most of his materials of the wider musical culture, especially drawn from the less demanding standards.

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