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It is estimated that the major cost of building a nuclear power plant is only felt during the commencing stages. Costs such as that of operating the nuclear plant, waste disposal and the decommissioning of the plant are minimal as compared to the benefits associated with the plant. These costs are incurred during the running of the plant. The plant can pay for itself after it has been installed. This is cost effective to the country as they only incur large cost at the beginning but enjoying the benefits with minimal costs afterwards. Thus is advantageous to use nuclear energy in order to facilitate economic growth.
On the other hand, it’s not joy riding at all use nuclear energy. Uranium that is a law material is explosive and dangerous to human heath. (G.Tyler Miller,310) If the nuclear radiation accidentally is emitted unto the atmosphere, they may have effects to the people, livestock and agricultural products over a long period of time. A good example is that of the 1986 Chemobyl nuclear accident in Ukraine whose was felt as far as UK. A lot of lives were lost in that incident while long term effects on unborn children are still felt up to now. Clearly no country in the world would like to invest on a deadly weapon that will erupt one day and claim the lives of many people. It’s unsafe to purse for nuclear energy project whose losses are more than the gain.
The construction of the nuclear plant is associated with the proliferations of nuclear weapons. Toxic plutonium is one of the law materials used in making nuclear bomb. It’s contained in uranium which is used to generate nuclear energy. It’s difficult to handle it. Terrorists in some countries may come into contact with these toxic materials. They may be tempted into constructing nuclear bombs. This is weapons of mass destruction which can claim the lives of many if left to explode. Terrorists may threaten to bomb other countries incase of some disagreement. Hence, threatening world peace. This will be unfair when people are living in fear in the world where they should live peaceful.
To construct a nuclear plant is very costly. A lot of capital is required in order to put structures into place. Costs involving emergency, containment, radioactive wastes and storage systems are required to be put into place before the project is began. Even after constructing the plant other costs must be incurred throughout the life time of the plant. This is too much as you cannot enjoy the benefits without parting away with money.
Another disadvantage of nuclear plants is that nuclear wastes from nuclear plant are difficult to store for a long period of time, this wastes need to be stored in a safe place that is inaccessible to wrong people such as terrorists. Such wastes are toxic and explosive. To find a place where to store them for along period time is difficult. Since they are dangerous, there is also need to employ people to protect the wastes from terrorists reach. As the duration is long, it will be costly for any country to do that. Not only that but also the geographical areal in which the wastes is going to be stored will be geologically endangered. The leakages from the wastes in the store may leak into the underground water systems. This will affect water living organisms and human beings at large. It’s too delicate and difficult to handle these nuclear wastes to any country.
From the above argument it is very clear that nuclear energy is another un-utilized source of energy in most countries. A lot of natural resource such as uranium is not fully exploited to help in booting the economies of different nations. Majority of these countries have developed a natural phobia against the consequences of uranium that is a major law material in nuclear plants. It’s out of this phobia that I also declare my stand that countries of the world should not consider nuclear energy as a safe and alternative means of heating their houses.
The weight of the demerits outweighs the weights of the merits. For instance the dangers of any leakage of atomic radiations into the atmosphere can create a lot of damages both to the living and to the unborn children. Citing a good example is the Nagasaki bomb blasts in Japan whose effects are still felt up to now. Children are born with deformities in some parts of that are due to mutation.
Finally the total over all costs of building and running a nuclear plant is exploitative. Large amount of capital is required to set up the plant. At the same time a good sum of money is required to maintain the plant. A lot of money is also needed to cater for the disposal of the nuclear wastes. It’s thus evident that the costs are ever felt all through right away from constructing up to the final stage. Nuclear energy should not made as away of providing sufficient energy in the world as it has more damages than benefits.