Article two of the fundamental rights implies that, ‘all human beings are entitled to declarations set in the document of basic human rights irrespective of someone’s background’. It highlights those barriers as religion, color and creed. Others are: language, status and political affiliations. It is imperative to note that these have often been overlooked by the very institutions entrusted with vigilance. The Presidential race for example; that culminated to election of Mr. Obama as first Black-American was marred by racial talks. Some Republicans completely refused to recognize him just because of his African roots, yet all are seen to have equal rights.
Article three states that, ‘everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of persons.’ In carrying out security expedition, there have been cases of civilian casualties. These are people who are presumably innocent and have nothing to do with any of the accusations. A case of this kind is the US operations at Iraq and Afghanistan. Here the right of life for the victims has been violated. Such an action also instills fear, hence results to insecurity for the affected that would otherwise require security.
The fifth article of the document talks about the derogatory treatment of human beings. These consist of inhuman punishment such as torture and human cruelty. This has been witnessed, especially in the US jails. The Guantanamo bay prison in Cuba is one of those prisons, where inhuman treatment has been reported. Most of these reports come from terrorism suspects. Some claim to have been tortured and forced to confess sins that they might have not committed.
In chapter nine, the article vividly states that no one shall be subjected to an arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. This is also contradictory due to what currently surrounds terrorism fight. Cases of arbitrary arrests are quite synonymous with suspected Islamic religion adherents. Most of them claim that their apprehensions had just been a cover-up in the on-going Islam persecution! Their main defense is that the arresters occasionally never have water-tight evidence to implicate them.
The document’s article twenty-three, also states that, ‘every person has right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protect against unemployment.’ Zeroing into these assertions, I find it ridiculous. For one to work in the US, he or she must be issued with work permits. The issuance of these documents is shrouded in mysteries of bureaucracies, thereby undermining the rights of non-citizens who aspire to work there.
In the freedom of expression however, despite the full rights being outlined in the bill of rights, the recent event left a lot to be desired. The Bi-partisan Campaign Reform Act and Digital Millennium Copyright Act still remain controversial. They infringe on some of the rights. This, for example, led an employee of the media firm to be forced to reveal their sources of leaked documents about the CIA. The media person did it under duress.
On the economic front, the US has been watering down some of the giant economies by placing trade embargoes; thereby depriving the victims of their livelihoods. Such has been the case of Cuba, which at times wallows in great poverty. Lack of basic essentials is quite evident. Such acts are contrary to the fundamental human rights envisaged in the UN document.
HOW THESE INSTITUTIONS CONTRIBUTE POSITIVELY TOWARDS THESE RIGHTS
The US government through its wide web of philanthropic organizations has helped improve the economies. The funding is normally channeled through its arms like the US Aid. It has sponsored many youth empowerment programs in the underprivileged areas.
On the media issues, it has really agitated for more democratic space. Through Amnesty international, most violation are realized and rectified. The basic fundamental rights are conspicuously inscribed on these articles.
Education is a major human need. The US has greatly contributed towards realization of competent and affordable education. International Universities based in the US have given people exposure and lucrative incentives. This is contributing towards basic human needs of acquiring knowledge at acceptable terms.
At the workplaces, most of them have adopted new technology, for instance, using renewable energy equipment which is affordable. This adoption of green environment, has greatly contributed to affirming these fundamental rights. Primarily, life is the sacred entity human being tries to safeguard. Good health is the cornerstone of our success.
Barriers Encountered in trying to make social Change to Better Human Rights
Conservativeness is among the barriers to positive social change. For example, the belief in ‘spare the rod spoil the child,’ which emanates from the ancient way of punishing children can definitely prove impervious to better human rights activism.
Illiteracy, of course, contributes negatively towards some better known human rights. Lack of adequate knowledge is a major obstacle.
Communication problem is my final list of barriers. Incoherence in communicating has a great negative impact on understanding and transferring data or information regarding better human rights to the require recipient. All the above mentioned barriers may surely contribute adversely to the basic fundamental human rights.