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Athens and Rome

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In Classical Greece, buildings served multiple of purposes. In Greece, religion and cult worship of Greek gods and goddesses was common practice, and therefore many buildings existed for the sole purpose of venerating the Greece deities (Faller 1). In addition, ancient Greece was characteristically business-focused, and bent on education, and therefore, many shops and libraries existed for the purpose. Social life in Greece was very vibrant, and halls were available for public interactions with aspiring politicians seeking public posts in colonnades. The legal system was also highly developed at the time, and courts remained a public building representing justice system and the structure stood at centre of Acropolis to offer legal services to the public.

Imperial period Roman architecture bears a number of elements of the ancient Greek architecture. Other buildings in Greece were used for entertainment purposes of the public (William 2). The Romans displaced the Greeks and brought up created spacious construction, and the some of the initial uses of vaults and arches in buildings. Examples of buildings dating to the period include the basilicas and coliseum. Imperial Roman architects incorporated a cosmetic element in construction, and the design of buildings took new forms of designs, including the use of hydraulics. Housing was decent in ancient Rome and there were many baths, public and private, latrines, and storeyed apartments. At the time, construction was also beginning to take into consideration the economic ability of the target residents, and designs varied according to the intended inhabitants of the houses. Public buildings in imperial Roman included worship places, residential apartments and public places for trade and social interactions.  

How did the utilization of buildings differ?

In many regards, the use of buildings in Rome and Greece were similar, although a few differences stand out. In ancient Greece, the construction of large buildings dedicated to entertainment was more common in the Roman situation. In addition, the cosmetic aspects in building construction ranked high in Roman architecture, with the construction of public utilities initially absent in the Greek culture for the display of Roman architectural prowess, for instance arched bridges and aqueducts (Ancient Greece 1). In ancient Greek, worship places were specifically dedicated to the deities, while the Romans constructed worship places sometimes to display the magnificence of some of their beliefs, for instance the basilicas.

How as an inhabitant of those two cities, I might have used the buildings.

From much of the discussion of the classical architecture, it is apparent that there existed few medical centres; therefore, construction of some form of hospices would be necessary. The number of buildings dedicated to the worship of deities is astounding, these buildings could have been used to make places like museums and administrative establishments, to preserve ancient cultural heritage and run smoother governance systems.

How did the buildings address the various needs of the general population?

On many aspects, the classical buildings addressed many aspects of the population at the time. There were many business and social places, which helped people to interact and exchange ideas and opinions as well as conduct business to make a living. The people of the time also had access and value for learning and exploration, which enabled them to come up with innumerable inventions in use to date. The entertainment places offered the ancient Roman and Greece an opportunity to break away from rigorous routines and hassles. The courts helped the ancient people in the classical period to resolve personal conflicts in civilized ways.

How did the difference in intent and utilization define the two cultures?

The Parthenon was dedicated to the Patron goddess of Greece who was Athena. Athena was considered as the goddess of wisdom, being the begotten daughter of Zeus. The Temple was made during the classical age with application of the Doric architectural style. The structure comprised of pentelic marble, eight standing Doric column on each narrow side and a further 17 columns on each long sides. The temple held a forty feet standing statue of Athena fashioned from Gold and Ivory. Therefore, the role of the ancient Greek Parthenon was to serve Athena. The temple depicted victory of Greeks against Amazons and Trojans. Equally, the structure served as a historic centre for the army. The Erechteion is another temple dedicated to Poseidon and Athena. The Panathenaic Way structure acted as a monumental entrance gateway to the ancient Greek rites dedicated to Athena through public dancing, wrestling, athletics and contests.

Roman Pantheon was a structure dedicated to Roman gods. Colosseum was built to hold public for a huge gathering like watching theatre and witnessing the gladiators. Roman public baths were open places for public to clean and hold social rites. The Roman Empire built a huge Roman aqueduct bridge to connect Rome and Tarraco in Spain.

The Greeks architecture remains the best since the Romans seem to copy from the Greeks formula of building with a few changes. Furthermore, the Greeks Athena temples were open to the public more than the Roman temples because of controversy during the era when Christianity clashed with indigenous cults.

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