This essay establishes a discrimination case that was heard and determined by a jury or judge in the last three years. It elucidates the case name, the actual court, judicial officers in charge and the date of the decision. According to literature, discrimination cases target mainly male members of the society, contrary to the popular belief in the United States.
In 2001, the US Supreme Court heard the arguments in a case, Elgin v. Department of Treasury, with a view to deciding whether Federal District Courts have constitutional jurisdiction with regards to claims of equitable relief that had been brought forward by federal employees. The case involved plaintiffs, former employees of the federal government, who did not register with the Selective Service at the beginning of their contracts as required by “Military Selective Service Act”. According to them, the “Military Selective Service Act” had discriminated them on the basis of sex by imposing a bar on the federal employment agency with regards to criminal activities committed by certain sections of male employees (McLure 2011 page 12).
The case was initially heard by a single judge at the District of Columbia Circuits and subsequently by a jury at the US Courts of Appeals. In both cases, the courts determined that the group of federal employees had valid claims with respect to the “Civil Service Reform Act”. This case of discrimination, therefore, proceeded to the Supreme Court where the final court decision was made on October 17, 2011. Undoubtedly, the Supreme Court maintained the earlier court rulings by asserting that the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 provided for equal application of the law to persons acting in violation of the constitution, regardless of their sex. As such, the court ordered for their immediate reinstatement and compensation of their duties for the entire period that they had been dismissed from work (McLure 2011 page 4).
In conclusion, the American legal system is not yet completely free of discrimination cases. However, the current cases do not take the typical dimensions of the past that entirely infringed on the rights of women and the black minority.