This essay investigates the literature on Wisconsin Court System. It examines the categories and levels of justice administration in Wisconsin. According to the essay, this court system is headed by the Supreme Court consisting of seven judges (L.M. Friedman 2005 pg 123).
The judicial branch of Wisconsin’s state government has the Supreme Court as the highest organ. The Supreme Court consists of seven judges elected from within the state in a non-partisan manner to serve a ten-year term. The senior most Judge from amongst the seven judges of the Supreme Court often serves as the Chief Justice. Besides being the court with the final authority, the Supreme Court has the sole discretion to hear and determine appeals related various aspects of the state constitution (L.M. Friedman 2005 pg 301).
Below the Supreme Court is the Court of Appeal that is composed of sixteen judges elected by districts to serve six-year terms. In most cases, a panel of three judges is assigned to hear and determine a case although there are instances where a single judge does the entire work. However, the rulings of this court could be overturned by the Supreme Court. In addition, there is the Circuit Court that operates within the county boundaries. They have the responsibility to hear appeals emanating from Municipal Courts. The judges serving at this level are elected for six year terms. Further, there are the municipal courts whose jurisdiction is limited to local matters. The judges serving in these courts are elected for two year term. However, they don’t really have to be practicing attorneys unlike judges in the upper levels (L.M. Friedman 2005 pg 299).
In conclusion, the court system of Wisconsin is structured such that the Supreme Court maintains seniority on matters constitutional. However, they do not usurp the constitutional mandate of the Court of Appeal to hear and determine cases emanating from municipal courts. This ideally ensures that administration of justice is both timely and satisfactory (L.M. Friedman 2005 pg 300).