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On the other hand, plagiarism is the act of misrepresenting another person’s work, ideas, interpretations or any creative work as your own original work. It involves paraphrasing, copying, and summarizing someone work without giving a credit.there are various types of plagiarism. This includes:
Direct plagiarism - it involves a word-to-word transcription of some part of someone work. This kind of plagiarism is deliberate and is so unethical, a way of academic dishonesty and gives ground to disciplinary actions to the individual.
Self plagiarism- this is a situation, where a student presents his previous work or makes a counter mix of many previous works without any permission from the professor. This also includes presenting a common work to different classes without the permission of a professor.
Mosaic plagiarism- occurs when a student takes phases from another source without the use of quotation marks or changing the author’s language to change the sentence structure and the meaning from the original words. It is sometimes called pitch writing.
Accidental plagiarism- this happens when an individual forgets to cite the sources, unintentional paraphrases, or misquote the sources by use of similar words without attribution.
Ways of avoiding plagiarism
Firstly, the way of avoiding plagiarism is using your own words on sentence structure when paraphrasing. The paraphrased sentence should capture the idea from the source but should not be a duplication of the writer’s words (Lathrop & Foss, 2005). The identification of the words taken from a writer’s work should also be enclosed by use of quotation marks. In the case of use of charts, visual images, or graphs from printed or electronic sources, documentation should be provided.
Another aspect is to include all the sources cited in the paper by writing it on the work cited list or the referencing page at the end of work on discussion. Clear attributes of any outside source should also be provided by use of signal phrases or lead-in in the introduction information from sources.
Violation of the academic integrity values and practice of plagiarism is punishable which can even result to expulsion in the case of students. Exceptional high standards of integrity and honour should be practiced in all fields of studies.