|← The Funding System for Public Schools in Texas||Early Childhood Education →|
In 1990s, all states concentrated on raising the standards of education. The states took more responsibility and involvement after a federal report in 1983 announced low academic achievements in the public schools. The report also suggested that students from other industrial societies outperformed the American students in the academic tests that were done internationally. The statistics also showed clearly that there was a decline in the scores for the American students. This resulted to most of the states implementing reform methods that highlighted repeated tests to be done by the students, more efficient tests to be done in the states and more compulsory curriculum requirements.
To improve on that, American schooling was centralized by the federal government. There was an act developed in 1917 called smith-Hughes that proposed the creation of vocational programs in all high schools. Another bill dubbed G1 bill came into effect in 1944. This bill was an essential federal effort to offer financial help to the military veterans in order to attend colleges. Additionally, laws in the federal civil rights required all schools as well as colleges to abide by the national principles of equality in education.
The national defense education act in 1958 was passed by the congress and its aim was to improve the public schools by financing them. The congress addressed for the first time many broad problems such as making the poor children access education without any difficulties. Besides, the congress addressed the problem of subjects’ neglecting such as the sciences, mathematics and foreign languages.
Despite the fact that public education was available to all children irrespective of their gender, race or state of the economy, this did not happen in reality. This is because there was discrimination in the schools on the basis of gender and race. This was clearly seen because girls were not admitted in the schools until many years passed after the establishment of the schools. Besides, girls were not taught the same subjects that were being taught to the boys (Maurice, 1994). Since 1950, the federal government has been very concerned with the discrimination issues and supports the idea of equality in schools.
In the traditional era, there was total segregation by race of the public and private schools thus leading to inferior education for the blacks and other minority groups. Teachers who taught in the white schools received a higher pay than those who taught in the black schools. This class and racial segregation was hard to overhaul even via court rulings. In addition, black oppression and historical injustices are downplayed in the curriculum. Persons guilty of black oppression mainly include slave owners such as George Washington and other American presidents. Generally these individuals are portrayed and studied in a positive light their oppressive acts notwithstanding.
The American schools discriminated women and discouraged girls to learn. To curb this, there were prominent women educators who came up and they include Beecher, Willard, Lyon and McLeod. They took part in developing institutions for higher level meant for women and offered subjects that were said to be unnecessary to women by the earlier educators. There was also a women’s rights movement that emerged in 1960 that was meant to boost against discrimination that occurred in women especially sexual discrimination. Federal education amendments in 1972 banned discrimination especially in the education sector that benefitted from federal aid. However after all these measures, discrimination still persisted especially on the basis of sex.
Public education has been reformed and made better through advancement in technology and the methods used in learning. But there are still other social problems that affect it and they include things such as violence, use of drugs and issues related to sex. Public schools in America have been observed as a system that impress upon the principles of equality and liberty in the person. The education system in America has changed historically according to the mayhem in the society. But the pathetic standard of high school education currently has made the educators worried since they are faced with the challenge of formulating effective strategies in order to enhance the system.