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In managing a work culture, it is important for the management team to consider the rights of each employee in terms of disability, gender and religion to accommodate staff members who are authorized by the law to either have special day out like during pregnancy. In addition, the work environment should reflect and adhere to the various requirement of the law. Nevertheless, some inconsistencies are responsible for the poor work culture present in nearly all organizations. Some of these factors include individual unprofessionalism; inconsistency; under qualification; over aggressiveness in intra and inter personal relation with each other; rule of the thumb office operation; unhealthy working environment leading to disease outbreak; insensitive management and personal disorders with diverse complications in performance and health of personnel ranging from mental disorders; insomnia; disillusionment; aggressiveness; and substance abuse among others thus an onset of ‘stress’(Elearn, 2006).
Workplace stress is a depression resulting from an interaction of a person to his/her work environment leading to an inability to balance work with other aspects of life and attracting systematic building up of a negative response emotionally. Causes of stress, thus referred to as stressors are elements or circumstances leading a person to anticipate a feeling of exceeding psychological and physical demands on ability to comfortably cope up with the situation.
Though difficult to explain a definite cause, stressors mostly are associated with certain occupations like policing where fear of recurring violence, emotional repugnant scene or unstable work shifts constantly create an imbalance in the emotions and thoughts. Besides, it is also associated with physical factors at work place like heat, cold, excessive noisy environment and physiological aspects destabilizing body balance such as limited recuperating interval between work shifts. In addition, unrealistic deadlines among other excessive demanding works and personal cognitive factors inclusive of health issues, relationship and inability to adjust to prevailing climatic order are also associated with stress (Elearn, 2006).
Stress in practicality is such a complex phenomena and it is very rare for two or more individuals to under go through it the same way in the work environment. Each victim seems to display a unique sign for its onset and should such an individual remain silent on his/her stress then the employer may not be in a position to know in order to assist with an alternative solution. Employer may eventually learn of the same only if in the structure of such an organization has confidence oriented systems re assuring the victims of a comprehensive solution. As the bucket model theory asserts, stress matures up upon complete drainage of a person’s bank of personal resilience because of work conflicts, unfavorable working conditions, and emotionally straining assignments outweighing supportive relationships, interesting works, rest and good health. In order to control a disastrous level, regulators of stress are constantly needed.
However, life is meaningless without challenges balance between rest and stimulation is necessary .Goodness or bad state of stress is dependent on the victim tolerance and subsequent recovery period. Prolonged depression has serious negative influence in work and life of a person. With time if successfully handled, stress may turn into a monotonous habit ending up stressing the victim. In addition to the above causes, second job, family problems or physical health may increase levels of depression when combined with work related challenges. As a remedy, at every stage of workforce development, an employer is advisable to set up simple practical strategies to get to know and offer solutions to employee’s artificial impairment before it generates into a workplace risk or harm (Sinclair, 2010).
Tolerance levels for stress is dependent of the interest attached to a work, support from family or work relationships, physical ,and psychological health and the nature of work causing stress. Eventual resilience will vary depending on the period taken to heal as each stress is totally different from another neither do two individuals under go it the same way (Sinclair, 2010).
Work related stress disorders
Work related disorders might include imbalanced constant mood swings often-referred top as Bipolar disorder. This type of stress is often characterized by elevated moods clinically known as mania or hypomania. Victims suffering from this illness experience swings of depressive episodes in between normal mood. When extreme, psychotic sign of delusions and hallucinations become part of the victim. Besides, at the onset of this disorder, the victim may feel anxiety, guilt, anger, guilt, isolation, sadness, poor appetite, disturbed sleep, fatigue, disinterest in concentration and hopelessness. There are available pharmaceutical prescriptions against this disorder thought one is advised to apply self-help recovery journey.
In addition, eating disorder is frequent among stressed people defined by an abnormal eating of either to little or excessive food often affecting the physical health. It is associated with symptoms such as acne, constipation, electrolyte imbalance, diarrhea, brain atrophy, low water retention, and pellagra. Fortunately, there are numerous medications available for this victim though much concentration should be based on cognitive behavior rehabilitation, family, recreational, interpersonal, nutritional, and acceptance to commitment therapies (Elearn, 2006).
In addition, insomnia disorder is associated with problems in adjusting to normal sleeping habits. Either, the victim may have prolonged hours of sleep or totally lack sleep. As a result, the individual will display symptoms of tiredness, disillusionment, lack of concentration, irritability, inconsistency in thoughts, and when extreme may develop into mental depression .Though depressant drugs are available for this person, it is advisable that family and interpersonal rehabilitation strategies be applied as a lasting remedy (Elearn, 2006).
Furthermore, there is the passive aggressive behavior characterized by indirect expression of negative feelings than openly handling them. There is always a clear disconnect between actions and spoken words. Therefore, symptoms of this behavior include procrastination, inefficiency, sullenness, irritability, stubbornness, hostile or cynical attitude, constant complains of in appreciation, and resentments on other people’s views. To reverse this disorder, supportive family members should convince the victim to seek assistance from a therapist. However, the solution lies on him/her accepting that there is a problem and is ready to accept a solution(Elearn, 2006)..
Besides these, in response to a depressing situation, one may opt for alcoholic consumption as a temporary solution, which may seem to work only for a very short while with catastrophic effects on work, family and own health. Consequently, the person may loss concentration; develop insomnia disorder and unhealthy eating habits .In addition, he/she may prefer violence and self-denial in justifying action. At the onset, family supportive therapy is advisable but when at addiction level, the victim should be referred to a rehabilitation centre (Sinclair, 2010).
To handle the above work place related stress disorders well, I would concentrate on establishing a good work place relationship as a security strategy for confidential sharing of work related hiccups with the employer or a trusted staff mate. In addition, I would concentrate on preventive policy of creating informal inter-group meetings where the staff is given an opportunity to share on experiences and encourage each other. I would then research on any evidence of a recognizable stressor they knew or ought to have known because of the nature of work and the related work environment. Instead of playing blame game, I would then concentrate on addressing these issues and where necessary provide rehabilitation support.
In conclusion, it is in order to affirm that stress at work in most cases is not a medical condition; rather, because of improper handing work culture, disrespectful of the need to constantly monitor structures in place handling behavior and employee’s interests. In most cases, short-term depression may be a challenging motivational factor when it falls under good stress. However, prolonged periods of stress may be catastrophic in safety management, heart complications, substance abuse, irritability and anxiousness, failed relationships, indecisiveness, frequent headaches, and error prone. Consequently, absenteeism, low morale, high accidents at work, low quality work, overdependence von employees assistance program, and low turnover sets in.