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The history of the nonverbal communication or silent treatment traced back to pre-science communication invention era. Nonverbal communication refers to practice of communication during sending and receiving nonverbal messages. Communication has various forms, verbal and nonverbal. All communication without words involvement refers to nonverbal communication or the silent treatment. The concept holds to the principle that many messages conveyed without the utility of spoken words. Nonverbal communication concept states that verbal communication just harmonizes the nonverbal messages conveyed. Examples of nonverbal communication are the silent treatment, a wink, and a wobbly tone in voice when communicating with someone (Andersen, 2007). However, numerous studies of nonverbal communication have paid much attention to face-to-face communication, where it can be categorized into three principal bases: environmental situations where communication occurs, the physical distinctiveness of the communicators, and traits of communicators during contact. Communication discovered as the key factor in any relationship or interpersonal interaction.
Science invention has seen the following as the key factors in nonverbal communication. One of these features include body language, sometimes known as paralanguage, addresses posture features during communication majorly body gestures and the voice intonation. The distance one creates gives nonverbal clues. People have private space and diverse comfort levels. Comprehending the norms and culture of an individual's personal liberty assists communicate efficiently without getting adverse effects of the silent treatment (Argyle, 1988). Keeping a distance is one form of sending a nonverbal message when one disagrees with the other. Proxemics refers to the study of how individuals perceive and use the physical gap around them. The gap between the correspondent and the recipient of a message dictates the way the message perceived.
The use and perception of space differ significantly across traditions and diverse settings within cultures. Space in nonverbal interaction may be categorized into four main criteria: social, intimate, personal, and public space. Timing is another fundamental constituent of nonverbal communication. Timing is reliant on culture. For example, in South America and some parts of the world, it is usual to be late; however, lateness in United States is inappropriate and even considered rude. Chronemics concerns the study of time application in nonverbal communication (Davit, 2009). The way we recognize time configuration of our schedules, and reaction toward time is a powerful interaction tool that assists set the phase for communication. Time perceptions include willingness to wait and punctuality, the pace of speech and the length people are willing to listen. Gestures are use to communicate such as using a finger to indicate it is OK, or to convey other messages.
Physical touch is an influential form of silent communication. Touch can be intrusive or empowering. It can communicate respect, love, show hostility and anger. Bodily touch also differs from culture to culture. For instance, in Italy it is regular for men to meet each other with a kiss, while in the other parts; this would propel a very diverse message to onlookers. Haptics refers to the study of touching like nonverbal communication tactics. Touches that are able to define nonverbal communication include holding hands, handshakes, kissing on cheek, lips, or hand, a pat on the shoulder, high fives, and brushing of shoulder or arm. Touching may include picking, licking, holding, scratching and other forms of touch. These behaviors referred to as tell or adapter and may convey messages that divulge the feelings and intentions of a communicator. The meaning communicated from touch is highly reliant upon the perspective of the situation, the association between communicators, and the mode of touch (Reland & Jones, 2005). The eye roll is another nonverbal communication use to communicate or convey intentions and messages.
Nonverbal communication associated with the first impression created due to communication. Historically, before the emergence of advance means of communications nonverbal communication assisted in sending messages. Different cultures had unique form of communication mostly through the use of signals. In the current economic conditions when every job opportunity is pursued by potentially numerous candidates, the science of perception and first impressions is essential to recognize, evaluate, consider, and implement. Unlike earlier times when the paper and oral interview were very essential during interviews; nowadays impression matters a lot. Now more than before it is critical to impress in the initial hiring process, it is as well important to be acquainted with how to manage ongoing awareness to enjoy career development and growth (O’Hair & Wiemann, 2009).
Managing others point of view is an ongoing procedure that does not stop after the first interview. The science of initial parody and awareness is unique; however, scientific discoveries and literature advising on individual development in these areas are plentiful. Before you can self assess and cope with how you are getting across to others, a comprehending of first perception and impressions is needed. Facial expression, appearance, and non verbal communication are features in impressions and perception. The good thing about these communication genres is that, these behaviors can be checked. Because gestalts and schemata are exclusive to the person, no two people will equate an initial encounter precisely the same.
Interpersonal Literature of nonverbal communication
Nonverbal communication or the silent treatment have gotten from the following approaches: One's attitude can simply be improved to make a fine first impression. Honest, self assessment needs to be conducted to determine approach reflection. In our human characteristics, change in attitude to reflect a pleasurable demeanor is the simplest to implement, since attitude is a choice.
Body language says a lot about an individual. Like facial expression and eye contact, body language can be used to judge someone’s honesty when they are communicating. During many evaluation processes be it for interview or other purposes; our body language conveys a lot and can deny us the opportunities or assist to achieve. The body posture will tell others about the inner status whether nervous, confident, keen or just careless. Body language goes in hand with dressing code, which has been essential in giving impression and perception to people interact. Impression normally give others opinion about you in the first few moments you meet. Well groomed people are associated with competence while shabby ones are associated with incompetency.
Eye contact is the best mean of judging honesty and confidence in someone. Imagine a contender for a key managerial position continuously looking down, evading eye contact with the interviewer. The interviewer first interpretation of the behavior will be a lack of confidence, dishonesty, or just boredom. Eye contact is a sign of attention and trustworthiness. People who cannot maintain a suitable amount of eye contact with others is normally considered dishonest. Looking away and shifting your eyes during conversation are considered a sign of boredom or simply not interested. To make a good perception and impression steady eye contact is very essential. Effective eye contacts approach assist people of low self confidence or shy to boost their morale and show a better impression.
Facial expression refers to gesture we make with our face. A simple smile would register a foreigner as a pal, and a glare or frown gives the person a sense of an enemy. Faciaal expressions attract judgment from everybody with whom you get into contact. However, there are smile which may be faked, genuine ones are known to portray friendly encounter.
Good grooming should not be befuddled with beauty or handsomeness. Keeping our body and looking good and presentable give a good impression. People will always judge our appearances before getting to know our true potential; it is essential we give the best. Interviews require people to out do one another; the simple point is to give the best impression you can. Try to outfit a little beyond the norm of the corporation, but do not exceed it (Steele, & Smethwick, 1989). Of course, circumstances and place deem the suitable when it comes to grooming. Grooming is one mode an employer can evaluate whether you are capable of fulfilling the job requirements. It is true that grooming sometimes portray differently of actual capability.
Posture indicates whether we are confident or unsure of our capabilities; it should portray the best of us. In work places some posture usually signals in a job, or, a lack of confidence. Confidence in oneself boosts respect and impression. The point is the way one walk or moves and their posture, make up crucial fundamentals of impression. Make a practice of standing straight, and sitting well. In a little amount of instance, this habit will turn into a part of muscle memory, and will foster the way others recognize you.
Another nonverbal communication, which is associated to speaking, is the tone during conversation. A person speaking in a strangely loud voice can be viewed as threatening, intimidating, or obnoxious. Your vocal volume and tone convey a positive or negative impression in according to the way it is projected. Volume is significant; you recognize when you are conversing loudly. The tone variation during conversation also gives an impression of attentiveness or lack of interest. One can judge our state of mind by listening to the tone of our voice for a few second of conversation.
According to my understanding and analysis of the findings, communication comprises of both the nonverbal and verbal communication methods. Verbal communication has a lot of reliance on nonverbal clues during communication. Nonverbal communication is associated with the first impression created due to communication. Historically, before the emergence of advance means of communications nonverbal communication assisted in sending messages. Different cultures had unique form of communication mostly through the use of signals. I agree with experts who say that impression and perception are made on the first instant of encounter.
Communication is dependant on the environment and timing so much, so as to give the correct impression. Nonverbal and verbal communication are ways people judge us before getting to know the real us. It is true that impression and perception are very essential during hiring or interview situation. Impression has been shown as one of the factors impressing interviewers. A part from job opportunities, nonverbal communication or silent treatment is very essential in interaction of effective communication.
Nonverbal communication is the silent treatment, a wink, and a wobbly tone in voice when communicating with someone. However, numerous studies of nonverbal communication have paid much attention to face-to-face communication, where it can be categorized into three principal bases: environmental situations where communication occurs, the physical distinctiveness of the communicators, and traits of communicators during contact. In relationships, the silent treatment has been considered as the cause or reasons why relationships suffer. Nonverbal communications are related to the regions and traditions or customs. The way some regions take a certain nonverbal communication would differ from another region and should be well understood.