Free «Consumption of Genetically Modified Foods» UK Essay Sample

Consumption of Genetically Modified Foods
Roberts Tag IEEE Tech. and Society: ESEM paper, Allenby, 2000 Reconstructing Earth, Allenby, 2005 Environmental Science & Technology: ESEM Manifesto, Allenby, 2007

Theory and Practice of Sustainable Engineering,

Allenby, 2011

Techno-Human Condition, Allenby & Sarewitz, 2011
1. Targeted Intervention Interventions should be taken by consumers where necessary (p. 58) Interventions should be taken by consumers where necessary Interventions should be taken by consumers where necessary Interventions should be taken by consumers where necessary (p. 60) Clients ought to chose between consuming the GMO foods or not
2. Evaluate Technological Fix Consumption of genetically Modified foods should be encouraged Consumption of genetically Modified foods should be encouraged Consumption of genetically Modified foods should be encouraged Consumption of genetically Modified foods should be encouraged The safety of GMO foods should be evaluated
3. Real World Boundaries Boundaries around initiatives of ESEM should depict actual linkages and couplings through time instead of ideological simplicity or disciplinary The systems involved are defined by the way in which the problems are stated One should become aware of the boundaries One should become aware of the set boundaries and be alert from avoid failure. Predictions should be questioned.
4. Multi dimensional dialogue Projects and programs at ESEM table are not just scientific and technical in nature but have powerful economic, cultural and political dimensions The importance of the ESEM programs and projects should be well integrated in the ESEM approaches Macro ethical and value implications should be inherent in all the activities of ESEM Worldview and macro ethical implications should be given priority Productive conflicts should be nourished and accepted.
5. Techno-Social Differentiation Unnecessary Conflicts around ESEM programs and projects should be minimized. To change behavior, ESEM projects can combine both scientific and engineering efforts and issues. Sustainable engineers should respect differences between technical and social engineering and understand them. There should be no confusion between social efficiency and economic efficiency.
6. Transparent Governance Governance models raised by ESEM Initiatives should be transparent, democratic and accountable. Transparency and consensus are required through transparent, open and democratic governance Pluralistic decision making and accountable governance should be applied Anthropogenic earth conditions need transparent, accountable and democratic governance. Pluralism is better than expertise.
7. Multicultural Dialogue All inclusive dialogue. should be encouraged among all stakeholders to achieve social legitimacy and public acceptance Dialog and Multiculturalism (p. 158) Productive conflicts should be nourished and accepted.
8. Part of the Problem Instead of being exogenous towards a system, the earth systems engineer sees himself or herself to be an integral part of the system. The system engineer should be quick in response and be flexible towards changes in dynamics and the system instead of being an outsider. Designers and actors are part of the system and should be responsible for its flaws Sustainable engineers are part of the problems of the system The human itself is part of the increasing changes shaped by technology
9. Systems and Artifacts Artifacts should be designed in themselves as ESEM arguments instead of traditional engineering activities. People should learn to manage and engineer complex systems and not just artifacts. Embrace principled and rigorous muddle instead of seeking for ultimately dysfunctional and false simplicity. The human element is responsible for the creation of complex earth and technological systems.
10. Continuous Learning Continual learning at the institutional and persona levels must be included in the process. ESEM Processes should include continual learning, both institutional and personal Continuous learning should be ensured Ensure continuous learning Ensure continuous learning
11. Long Term Investment Adequate resources must be availed to ensure understanding of the relevant responses Adequate resources should be available to support all programs
12. Quantitative metrics Suitable quantitative metrics should be established and possible problematic system responses should be predicted. Quantitative metrics through which progress can be tracked should be established. Metrics to ascertain if the system is moving well should be established in order to achieve desired outcomes. There is easy measurement of performance and failure from feedbacks are clear.
13. No explicit control Unlike well known and simple systems the unpredictable and dense systems cannot be explicitly or centrally be controlled. Unlike well known and simple systems the unpredictable and dense systems cannot be explicitly or centrally be controlled. Unlike well known and simple systems the unpredictable and dense systems cannot be explicitly or centrally be controlled. No one knows how to take interventions
14.Expect emergence In complex systems, high levels of system organization, emergent characteristics and scale up should be given room for emergent characteristics and the inevitable discontinuities. Focus should be placed on option spaces.
15. Incremental and Reversible Instead of engineering changes being irreversible and fundamental, they should be whenever possible be reversible and incremental. In ESEM systems, design, policy and engineering initiatives should be reversible and incremental instead of being irreversible and fundamental. In ESEM systems, design, policy and engineering initiatives should be reversible and incremental instead of being irreversible and fundamental. In ESEM systems, design, policy and engineering initiatives should be reversible and incremental instead of being irreversible and fundamental. Scenarios should be played with and focus placed on option spaces.
16. Resilient not Redundant Support of evolution resilience instead of redundancy in the system should be a major goal in earth systems engineering ESEM should attempt at fostering resilience and not redundancy. Resiliency should be aimed at in designing rather than redundancy Resiliency should be aimed at in designing rather than redundancy Focus on option spaces

 

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