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Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disorder that is normally experienced in children at the age of two. Children with the disorder experience sudden involuntary movements or sounds, such as ‘coughing or twitching’ (Better Information, Better Health, 2012). It was first described by a French doctor, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, in 1885 and is sometimes referred to tic disorder.
Tourette’s syndrome is hereditary. It can also appear if pregnant mothers vomit too much in the early period of their pregnancies, have a lot of stress during pregnancy, smoke heavily or drink a lot of alcohol during pregnancy, have less oxygen supply during birth, or give birth to hildren with brain injury (Better Information, Better Health, 2012).
Diagnosis and Treatment
A person should have experienced tics for more than one year to be diagnosed with Tourette’s syndrome (Kids Health, 2012). Though there is no test to diagnose Tourette’s syndrome, neurologists usually examine patients physically after taking their medical history.
Treatment made to Tourette’s syndrome only help children cope with tics since it has no cure. Tics that are not severe can be left untreated while those that interfere with children’s social and education life are put under medication. Doctors always try to treat diseases that make tics severe in order to reduce their effects. Counseling and guidance also help patients cope with tics disorder better.