Free «National Security» UK Essay Sample

National Security

National Security can be achieved following four basic strategies, the defense, deterrence, detente diplomacy and disarmament (Roskin and Berry, 1999).

Detente Diplomacy

This strategy has its objective to reducing tensions and promoting mutual understanding. The interested factions or parties must have common interests that are more important than their conflicts with a belief that a conferred settlement would bear more gains than alternatives such as escalation of hostilities. For instance, South and North Korea establish detente to be more appealing in their June 2000 summit of agreement. Normally, states comply with such agreements for their own interests (Roskin and Berry, 1999).

Assumption: is there any likelihood of attaining detente with Islam terror groups?

Of the factors that have generated this strategy is the introduction of nuclear arms and their rapid delivery systems, these are the main elements. This strategy brings confidence that agreements will be honored and that it works.

Disarmament Strategy

The principal objective behind this strategy is that arms cause wars.

Assumption; in the 9/11 terror attack targeted on the Pentagon and the World trade Center, the terrorists lacked heavy weapons. This refutes the principal objective above that arms cause wars.

Supporters of this strategy believe that the art of war is a learned behavior that might be unlearned or undone and that the custody of arms is the causing factor why wars exist (Roskin and Berry, 1999). In the current technological environment, and due to globalization, the supply of arms is booming business that brings billions of dollars every year. During the 1980s, world arms exports totaled to $490 billion. The Soviet Union accounted for about 37 % of these transfers while the U.S. got a second position with 33% of transfers (Roskin and Berry, 1999).


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