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|← Mid-Term Questions From Reading||Origin, Development and Influence of Buddhism on Chinese Culture →|
Buddhism is a both a religion and philosophy that includes practices, traditions and beliefs that are based on the teachings from its founder, Siddhartha Gautama. There have been different arguments on whether it is a religion yet it has no God. However, it has been concluded that this view is dependent in the adapted definition of religion. Religion can simply be defined as a strong belief in supernatural powers that controls the destiny of a person. It is also a philosophical way of life that involves codes of ethics and rituals.
Christianity and Buddhism have similarities and differences in their practices. For instance, they empower the society with moral values that helps in uniting people of different races. Histories of these religions are almost the same, but differ with the people playing the roles in the stories.Buddhism was founded in Northeastern India. There are two major branches of Buddhism; Theravada and Mahayana. Theravada refers to the School of Elders while Mahayana refers to the Great Vehicle. There are about 350-500 Buddhists all over the world.
Buddhists are strong believers in their culture and practices. They hardly divert from their beliefs. This is unlike Christianity whereby Christians tend to divert from their beliefs. As a result, controversy arises, and different peple tend to have a different perception of what they should believe in. for example, in Buddhism, they are well aware that there is the existence of karma. This implies that for every action that one does, it is transmitted to the mind, and each of these actions has a consequence.
According to Immanuel Kant, human beings occupy a place in the universe and morality is a mere commandment of reason. His main idea was that individuals ought to unto others as they would wish that others do to them. Any actions that are undertaken should be such that they can be applied as a universal law. These sentiments are in line with the Buddhism religion. The religion is mainly based on the teachings from the founder, Siddhartha Gautama. This is because his actions and beliefs were such that they would be adaptable as a universal law. Universal, in this case, refers to all the Buddhists that follow his teachings and practices.
Just like any other religion, Buddhism religion has the culture, it believes in. These include the traditions, practices and teachings. Through all these, Buddhists can categorize and differentiate rights from wrongs. As a result, they are able to be morally upright. From what has already been established, it is evident that in the Buddhism religion there are consequences for any wrong doings. The Buddhism religion believees in the need for enlightenment in the course of living each day. This is because the religion tries to give a solution to overcoming suffering. By doing this people are enlightened and have the power to move on. For instance, if people are careful in making sure that they uphold morals, there would not be any suffering. This in return would mean that they would lead happy lives.
In Buddhism, the end state is the release from suffering. On the other hand, the end state in Kant’s theory and other religions is the Kingdom of ends whereby individuals who are completely different learn to coexist. They are also able to live life under similar universal laws irrespective of their differences. However, these laws are purely based personal opinions. There is also the similarity in terms of ethics. Buddhists believe in the ethics established through the teachings that receive in their religion. They are the laws of freedom and all the things taught to happen but do not necessarily happen. This could be due to lack of knowledge to differentiate between right and wrong.
In conclusion, it is evident that the beliefs and practices of the Buddhist community are in line with moral philosophies. It is also clearly evident that humanity and morality remain constant irrespective of the religions that we choose to follow.