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The Catholic Church is one of the largest Christian churches in the world, with over 1.25 billion followers worldwide. As for now, the church is led by Pope Francis (Jorge Mario Bergoglio) - an Italian citizen with a Vatican citizenship. The headquarters of this church are located in Saint Peter’s basilica - Vatican City. As Esolen (2014) notes, the Roman Catholic Church is the oldest religious institution that still exists in today’s world. The church has the an enormous history, as far as the morality and juctice are concerned. Due to it being a church that was there when the environment was still friendly, its fight for environmental conservations remains healthy and young, despite the continued pollution, degradation and overexploitation of natural resources. The current paper will focus on the church’s concern for the care of environment and morality principles that the church uses to condemn this vice. There are many morality principles that can be used in relation to care of the environment, but this paper will only use sin and conscience as the morality principles. These two morality principles will be used to relate the Catholic Church teachings on environmental conservation and human beings role on the same. This research paper will go further to show the relationship between environmental protection and Catholic Church teachings on social justice. However, it is of great importance for a scholar to first familiarize him/herself with the dynamics of environmental care.
Marality encopasse the notions of cognitive reasoning and empathy in the first place (Decety & Cowell, 2015). Environment, in its turn, is an imperative aspect of human beings’ lives, since it consists of everything that surrounds them. Envorionment is the domain in which all the living beings and inanimated object are connected. Morality, that is to say, compassion and logics, is something the reltionships within the above noted system should be determined by. Trees, mountains, and rivers, among the others, are some of the elements that form the natural habitats for the majority of species (Esolen, 2014). Evidently, environmental protection is crucial in itself. Every single person bears the responsibility for protecting the environment. However, due to increase in the volume of world’s population, environmental protection iniatives have failed to prevent the ongoing degradation. Although, it is the responsibility of human beings to reproduce, the massive multiplication of human species has totally affected the biophysical environment. In order to save the degrading environment, many organizations have joined hands, some being governmental organizations, others being non-governmental and, finally, some religious groups. Many of these organizations are either continental, such as the African Environmental Conservation Program, while others are global, such as the developing world and UNESCO (Clayton, 2012). Catholic Church in its capacity to influence a large number of people has played a big role in advocating for the natural care. In its teaching in relation to Bible, the Catholic Church has included two principles in its moral and social justice teachings: the principle of human conscience and the principle of sin.
Human conscience is the judgment that helps in distinguishing the right from the wrong. This is the feeling that leads one when committing a particular action that may go against one’s right to denot the conscience that people have (Clayton, 2012). When environmental care is related to human conscience, one will be able to distinguish what to do to the environment and what not to do. Since conscience is the knowledge of good and evil, the Roman Catholic Church has used the Bible, especially when God hands Adam the responsibility over every creation. So, if everyone’s conscience was positively tuned towards environmental care, then we would not have the negative effects, such as global warming, deforestation and drought.
On the premise of a scriptural perspective and morals, and, in addition, to sound science, financial matters, and open arrangement standards, it is worth noting that sound ecological stewardship commands and advances human life, flexibility, and monetary improvement as perfect with, even fundamental for, the benefit of the entire environment (Clayton, 2012). While people hardly preclude all corporate activity, environmental conscience means, in both standard and practice, to ecological protection. They are less inclined to disintegrate vital human opportunities and are more prone to be financially savvy and fruitful in accomplishing their objectives.
Sin can be defined as any diversion of actions from God’s will. In another definition, sin can be said to be anything that violates individual’s relationship with God. In the Bible, God commanded Adam to be in charge of everything else that was created. He also gave Adam the responsibility to take care of the garden of Aden. The Catholic Church uses these two occasions to show responsibilities that human beings have over the environment. People should hold their moral values and do as the Bible says (Clayton, 2012). In today’s world, people are the Adams, and so the whole responsibility has been diverted to them. Although, one may commit an action that is not Godly without knowledge, one should always try to uphold his or her relationship with God. Social justice, at times, justifies human beings’ sins as daily activities, but it is the responsibility of everybody to act according to the will of God.
The Holy Bible states that the earth and everything in it were created in seven days. Then God gave the man the mandate and power over everything in it. Thus, environment and everything that consists on it was created by God. It is the responsibility of every person to take care of Gods creation. The teaching of taking care of Gods creation relates very much to this article, since if anyone played a part in conserving what is around them, then the world would be much better (Barry, 2005).